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Monday, July 6, 2009


History, Theory, and Discussion in the science of architecture is the aspects that can not be separated, and the third has relevance and related. Architecture process continuously will forth the theory of architecture, while the fruit is the architecture critic of the theory of architecture.

A cycle that applies the universal

1. History In Architecture

Learning about the history of architecture in will associated with description and interpretation of the study will be the success of the product architecture. Errors and lack of past studies to be the best at this time to be able to produce works of architecture that are useful and helpful.

Monuments-monuments historic building work that the ancestors have been established in the past to be fixed name even consumption can still be visually and education can be proud as a lesson that in the era before the building can make a beautiful and majestic.

Architecture is seen as the building or the techniques which make the building process, which consists of: planning (an idea or ideas), design and implementation of development. Architecture is also seen as a space or room will fulfillment by all men to do certain activities. Architecture is seen as history, where the architecture is an expression of physical and cultural survival of a society, in terms of time and place. The existence of contemporary architecture with its own human civilization on earth.

History and architecture includes dimensional space and time limitations can not be determined. Therefore study of the history of architecture based on the chronological space, dimension and time. Of this can be divided into three (3), namely: traditional primitive, classical and modern. This division are global, so each period are still to be grouped again in detail.

2. In the theory of Architecture

Theory in architecture is a description of some of the questions, namely:

  • What is architecture?
  • What must be achieved with the architecture?
  • How do I design / design?
  • What's the product architecture?
  • How do I find the idea an architect?
  • Etc..
Goal to learn the theory of architecture are:

  • Help identify and learn the work of architecture;
  • Assist architects in the design process;
  • Provide direction in the design process, but can not guarantee a perfect result of the paper;
  • It is suspected, a hope, which can be identified hypothetical however often not scientific.
According to Vitruvius, architecture is the purpose of regulation depends on the order, harmony in the movement, symmetry, congruence and the economy. Architecture is determined by the function / comfort, structure / durability, and aesthetics / beauty. According to Bruno Zevi, the theory of architecture covers how to identify important variables, space, structure and processes of the activities of community life.

Space is a basic element, the space means knowing how to see the (elements of the architecture) and is the key to get to know and understand the architecture building. How to make, recognize, and understand the architecture, among others, with the analogy:

  • Architecture that is considered to be organic
  • Architecture is a language
  • Architecture is considered as a machine

3. Discussion In Architecture

Discussion is a recording of the responses to the artificial environment (built environment). Discussion included all responses, including negative feedback and criticism on the substance and meaning to the separation filter. The main criticism is not the assessment and classification (for example: a reaction against the draft settlement made with the method of delivery).

Method criticism architecture consists of:

  • Discussion Normative; criticism is based on the normative standard guidelines.
  • Discussion interpretation, criticism and interpretation of this is personal.
  • Discussion Descriptive; rate is not, does not interpret, solely to help people see what the truth is, explains the design process of a building.

Sunday, July 5, 2009


HOUSING (Housing): is a place (space) with a dominant function for a place to stay.

Most important elements of the establishment of a housing that is home alone. House can be defined as follows:
  • A place to settle, residence / address, location of residence.
  • The existence of the individual / family (related to the status, the position, identity).
  • Part of the functional areas of the city.
  • Investment (or family company).
  • Source movement generation (trip production).
  • Space for recreation.
  • Space that is used to establish family life.
  • Vessel as the limit of privacy.
  • etc.
Read More - THE HOUSE


Settlement (Human Settlement) : is a place (space) to live for human groups. (Doxiadis, 1971).

Settlement is always associated with housing. HOUSING : is a place (space) with a dominant function for a place to stay. For understanding the information, housing can be defined from some elements of housing, namely:

  • Shelter; protection against external interference (nature, animals), etc..
  • House; structure building to live.
  • Housing, Housing, the things associated with the event live (build, tenant).
  • Human settlement; group (aggregate) housing activity and house (settlement).
  • Habitat; environment (not a human).

According Doxiadis, Settlement (Human Settlement) will run well if associated with some unsure, namely: Nature (natural), Man (men), Society (social life), Shell (space), and Networks (relationship).



The development of housing that will support the rapid growth of a region. This is the positive impact of housing development, but if the rapid growth in housing is not set will cause crowded regulation of development is good, because it requires the existence of a policy to manage the growth.
The goal of the development of housing policy are:
  • Reduce the distance between the number of homes with the needs of the home (urban).
  • Focus on the provision of group homes for middle-down.
  • Encourage the development of housing that meets the environmental requirements for life to develop social, economic, and not deviate from the limited environment.
Some have policies that will result in the development in accordance with the considerations of the good life, which are:
  • GENERAL SPATIAL PLAN (Rencana Umum Tata Ruang / RUTR) CITY ; landing location of housing, building intensity,
  • HOUSING OF PROCUREMENT; new housing development, the area ready to wake up (Kawasan Siap Bangun / KSB),
  • IMPROVING HOUSING ENVIRONMENT; village improvements, subsidized building materials, technical assistance.
  • PROVISION of BASIC FACILITY; consolidation of land, site & services, land reejustment.


Housing is the most important factor in the life of a region, because the life of a region will be supported with good and bad of life in the housing area.

Constraints that arise from the housing development will also prevent the development of a region, this is due to housing problems will affect the life of the housing is. Growth of a region, the elements of the most important actors are perpetrators, so the problem of housing is a critical factor to support the sustainability of a region.

Common problems that occur on a housing usually associated with some of the elements, namely:
  • The development of population (urban)
  • Land
  • The Financing System
  • Development areas
  • Facility environment
  • Technical technologist
  • Public participation / community development

Some of the elements above can be described as follows:

1. Development POPULATION
  • Rate of growth of urban population (urbanization process and quantity changes).
  • Changes in behavior and needs of residents; mobility, lifestyle, (quality change). Value of the home range, from basic needs and social status become the commodity economy. Encourage the mobility of the population disparity availability of home (many rural homes do not uninhabited, many urban areas of the home crowd).
  • Gap in population growth with the availability of space, houses and infrastructure. Standard services decrease.

2. Land
  • Limited space for the provision of land for the development of public facilities and infrastructure environment.
  • Encourage the process of speculation, prevent the development of policy direction.
  • Encourage control of the land for the time.
  • The high population growth will push the high request of housing needs while land is available the longer the more reduced.
3. The Financing System
  • The Financing system directly from the government decreased.
  • Some removed the subsidy from the government.
  • Infrastructure was the case this will be associated with the ability of local governments (APBD) in infrastructure development fund, so that each region will not be the same.
  • Growing (variation House Ownership Credit & commercial)
  • No regulatory control
  • Position still "inferior", no protection and support

  • Space allocation; conflict with the needs of the allocation for agricultural cultivation, protected the local border rivers (Daerah Aliran Sungai / DAS).
  • Land; legislation, speculation, market mechanism.
  • Distribution locations; legislation, market mechanism, interest area.
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